The actions included below are considered a starting point for the life of the Agreement, and are not intended to limit additional actions being developed over time. Any future actions will be further developed, and prioritised in collaboration with the Aboriginal Justice Caucus. 

Actions have been categorised as:

  1. Agreed actions to be implemented over the next five years
    • Not yet commenced (yellow)
    • In development (orange)
    • Underway (green)
    • Delayed (red)
  2. Future possibilities that will be considered over the life of the Burra Lotjpa Dunguludja.

Find initiatives

Aboriginal Community Justice Reports
Not yet commenced

Aboriginal Community Justice Reports

Trial Aboriginal Community Justice Reports modelled on Canada’s Gladue reports to provide information to judicial officers about an Aboriginal person’s life experience and history that impacts their offending; and to identify more suitable sentencing arrangements to address these underlying factors.
Aboriginal culture in courts
Underway

Aboriginal culture in courts

Consider building the presence of Aboriginal culture in courts with place naming, language, increasing the role of Elders, and displaying Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander flags and artefacts.
Aboriginal Education and Research Officer
Future consideration

Aboriginal Education and Research Officer

Consider continuing the Aboriginal Education and Research Officer position within the Judicial College of Victoria to improve the cultural competency of courts and tribunals.
Aboriginal governance for evaluation
Not yet commenced

Aboriginal governance for evaluation

Establish Aboriginal governance structures for AJA program evaluations to ensure AJA initiatives are evaluated based on criteria that reflect Aboriginal values and measures of success.
Aboriginal impact assessments
Future consideration

Aboriginal impact assessments

Consider mechanisms to identify the potential impact of new justice policies and legislation on Aboriginal Victorians.
Aboriginal involvement in legislative reform for youth justice
Not yet commenced

Aboriginal involvement in legislative reform for youth justice

In progressing the recommendations for legislative reform made in Meeting needs and reducing offending: Youth Justice review and strategy, specifically the creation of a new Youth Justice Act, consider mechanisms for Aboriginal involvement.
Aboriginal Justice Workforce Development Strategy
Not yet commenced

Aboriginal Justice Workforce Development Strategy

Develop an Aboriginal Justice Workforce Development Strategy that identifies ways to:
- Create career development pathways for Aboriginal staff to move into more senior roles
- Support ACCOs to undertake workforce development to build capacity of Aboriginal staff working in the justice sector
- Develop a public and community sector secondment program
- Develop an Aboriginal justice qualification.
Aboriginal representation in the CISP workforce
Future consideration

Aboriginal representation in the CISP workforce

Consider increasing the number of Koori Court Integrated Services Program Workers with the aim of ensuring Aboriginal representation in the CISP workforce reflects the level of Aboriginal representation in the criminal justice system.
Aboriginal Risk-based Compliance and Facilitated Assistance Program
Not yet commenced

Aboriginal Risk-based Compliance and Facilitated Assistance Program

Deliver the Aboriginal Risk-based Compliance and Facilitated Assistance Program to improve governance within Aboriginal incorporated associations and co-operatives that are registered with Consumer Affairs Victoria
Aboriginal victim support models
Future consideration

Aboriginal victim support models

Consider community- based Aboriginal victim support models for trial in select sites.
Aboriginal Victims Assistance Support Workers
Underway

Aboriginal Victims Assistance Support Workers

Recruit additional Aboriginal Victims Assistance Support Workers in the Victims Assistance Program resulting in 9.3 FTE by 2021.
Aboriginal Youth Justice Strategy
In development

Aboriginal Youth Justice Strategy

Develop and implement an Aboriginal Youth Justice Strategy that addresses the specific recommendations to reduce Aboriginal over-representation in youth justice outlined in the Youth Justice Review and Strategy: Meeting needs and reducing offending.
Access to Child Witness Service for Aboriginal Children
Not yet commenced

Access to Child Witness Service for Aboriginal Children

Work collaboratively with the Victims Assistance Program's Aboriginal Support Workers to strengthen pathways for Aboriginal Children to access the Child Witness Service when needing to attend court as a result of being a witness to a violent crime.
Additional Aboriginal Liaison Officer
Underway

Additional Aboriginal Liaison Officer

Recruit an additional Aboriginal Liaison Officer to assist Aboriginal children and young people in Youth Justice Centres.
Assist Aboriginal women with bail
Not yet commenced

Assist Aboriginal women with bail

Develop and implement cultural and gender-specific supports for Aboriginal women involved in the corrections system to obtain bail and avoid remand
Community based assistance to manage infringements
Not yet commenced

Community based assistance to manage infringements

Expand the ACFI and SALO program to include additional areas where SALOs and Fines Victoria staff can attend community events and provide direct assistance to Aboriginal community members to manage their infringements.
Community policing for crime prevention
Not yet commenced

Community policing for crime prevention

Support community policing approaches that support crime prevention initiatives and link victims with support services
Community-based diversion programs
Not yet commenced

Community-based diversion programs

Deliver community-based, intensive diversion programs for Aboriginal children and young people who have had, or are vulnerable to involvement with the criminal justice system to address factors contributing to offending.
Community-based support for high-risk young people
Future consideration

Community-based support for high-risk young people

Consider a community-based support service to provide intensive case management for high risk Aboriginal young people on community supervision orders.
Cultural safety standards
In development

Cultural safety standards

Develop cultural safety standards for health services in the adult and youth justice systems.
Culturally appropriate, holistic health care in prisons
Future consideration

Culturally appropriate, holistic health care in prisons

Consider culturally appropriate, holistic health care models in prisons including:
- Extending the Continuity of Health Care Pilot and the Continuity of Care strategy to improve health outcomes for Aboriginal people in custody and post-release
- Cultural safety training for health service providers in the adult and youth justice systems
- Trauma and grief informed health services in prisons
- An Aboriginal Healing Unit.
Custodial Notification Service
Not yet commenced

Custodial Notification Service

Develop legislation for the requirement of a Custodial Notification Service so that Aboriginal organisations are notified when an Aboriginal person is taken into custody (in line with other jurisdictions).
Develop the Aboriginal Youth Justice workforce
Underway

Develop the Aboriginal Youth Justice workforce

Provide professional development and networking opportunities for the Koori Youth Justice workforce and support a Koori Graduate Program in Youth Justice.
Digital AJA
Underway

Digital AJA

Develop an AJA digital presence to provide accessible information on the implementation of AJA plans, and achievement of outcomes.
Elders mentoring in Youth Justice Centres
Not yet commenced

Elders mentoring in Youth Justice Centres

Provide mentoring programs and in-reach Elder support for Aboriginal children and young people in Youth Justice Centres.
Elders Mentoring Program
In development

Elders Mentoring Program

Strengthen pre and post release cultural supports for Aboriginal adults in prison including an Elders Mentoring Program.
Enhance support for Aboriginal Community Justice Panels
Not yet commenced

Enhance support for Aboriginal Community Justice Panels

Enhance support for Aboriginal Community Justice Panels and their volunteers so they can assist Aboriginal people in police custody in more locations.
Evidence based prevention programs
Underway

Evidence based prevention programs

Support successful evidenced based programs delivered by ACCOs to prevent Aboriginal children and youth becoming involved in the criminal justice system.
Expand Koori Courts
Underway

Expand Koori Courts

Expand Koori Courts to additional locations across three jurisdictions: County Court, Magistrates’ Court and the Children’s Court.
Expand Police cautioning and diversion programs
Future consideration

Expand Police cautioning and diversion programs

Consider making the Koori Youth Cautioning Program, Koori Women’s and Adult Pre-Charge Diversion Programs available in more locations across the state.
Family centred approaches
Not yet commenced

Family centred approaches

Collaborate across government departments to design and deliver family centred approaches for Aboriginal clients with complex needs across multiple systems, and ensure justice responses are aligned and integrated with developments in:
• Aboriginal child protection and out-of-home care
• family violence integrated support and safety hubs
• child and family services sector reform
• Gathering Places.
Family violence orders in Koori Courts
In development

Family violence orders in Koori Courts

Commence hearing contraventions of family violence intervention orders in at least one pilot Magistrates’ Koori Court location.
Family violence workforce training
Not yet commenced

Family violence workforce training

Deliver workforce training to ensure staff understand Aboriginal experiences of family violence.
Feasibility study for women's residential program
Not yet commenced

Feasibility study for women's residential program

Explore the feasibility of a residential program like Wulgunggo Ngalu Learning Place to provide cultural and gender-specific supports for Aboriginal women involved in the corrections system.
Formal apology
Future consideration

Formal apology

A formal apology that acknowledges how historical recording practices for children removed from their homes may have affected care leavers.
Historical care and protection orders
Underway

Historical care and protection orders

Introduce legislation to clarify that relevant historical care and protection orders made by courts under historical children's welfare legislation are not to be treated as convictions or findings of guilt.
Human Rights Charter
Future consideration

Human Rights Charter

Consider amending the Human Rights Charter to give greater recognition to the importance of self-determination for Aboriginal people, and to include a right to birth registration, as recommended in the Review of the Charter of Human Rights and Responsibilities Act.
Human Rights considerations
Not yet commenced

Human Rights considerations

Ensure staff in justice agencies take human rights into account when making decisions.
Impact of bail reforms
In development

Impact of bail reforms

Research the impact of the 2017-18 bail reforms on Aboriginal accused.
Improve Aboriginal justice data
Not yet commenced

Improve Aboriginal justice data

Improve collection and availability of Aboriginal justice data:
- Develop minimum data set for AJA programs
- Reduce the rate of unknowns in Victoria Police Standard Indigenous Question response data
- Improve collection and reporting of diversions data
- Improve collection and reporting of Aboriginal family violence data
Improving transition from youth justice
Future consideration

Improving transition from youth justice

Consider existing models or programs operating in the Aboriginal community to assist young people on parole and/or while transitioning out of the youth justice system, and examine their feasibility for expansion.
Increase Aboriginal staff in VCAT
Not yet commenced

Increase Aboriginal staff in VCAT

Increase the number of Aboriginal staff working in VCAT and further promote Aboriginal engagement with VCAT across the community.
Koori Employment and Career Strategy
Underway

Koori Employment and Career Strategy

Implement strategies in the Koori Employment and Career Strategy 2017-2020 across the Department of Justice and Regulation.
Koori Garden
Not yet commenced

Koori Garden

Maintain and improve the Koori Garden at Parkville Youth Justice Centre.
Koori Independent Prison Visitor Scheme
Not yet commenced

Koori Independent Prison Visitor Scheme

Review and co-design the Koori Independent Prisoner Visitor Scheme to enable greater representation of Aboriginal community volunteers in the Scheme.
Koori Registrar in Coroner's Court
Not yet commenced

Koori Registrar in Coroner's Court

Recruit a designated Koori Registrar in the Coroners Court to ensure coronial practices are both culturally aware and appropriate.
Koori Victims of Crime Assistance Tribunal
Not yet commenced

Koori Victims of Crime Assistance Tribunal

Strengthen the Koori Victims of Crime Assistance Tribunal (VOCAT) list to increase resource capacity and ensure the demand of Aboriginal applications for assistance is met.
Koori Youth Cautioning Program
Not yet commenced

Koori Youth Cautioning Program

Expand the Victoria Police Koori Youth Cautioning Program from two to four sites.
Koori Youth Justice Program
Underway

Koori Youth Justice Program

Continue to support the expanded Koori Youth Justice Program across the state to assist more Aboriginal young people in their communities and prevent Aboriginal children and youth becoming involved in the criminal justice system.
Leadership and governance training
Not yet commenced

Leadership and governance training

Provide leadership and governance training/workshops for Regional Aboriginal Justice Advisory Committees and Local Aboriginal Justice Action Committees.
Marram-Ngala Ganbu – Koori Hearing Days
Future consideration

Marram-Ngala Ganbu – Koori Hearing Days

Consider increasing the number of Koori Conveners and Children’s Courts providing Marram-Ngala Ganbu – Koori Hearing Days.
Mediation capacity building
Not yet commenced

Mediation capacity building

Build capacity in mediation skills within ACCOs and for community members to help resolve local disputes before they escalate.
Meeting the needs of remandees
Future consideration

Meeting the needs of remandees

Consider ways to address the specific needs of Aboriginal people in prison who are un-sentenced and those with short sentences.
More Koori Workers in CISP
Underway

More Koori Workers in CISP

Provide greater support for Aboriginal accused on bail through the employment of an additional five Koori Court Integrated Support Program Workers.
Multi jurisidiction Koori Liaison Officers
Future consideration

Multi jurisidiction Koori Liaison Officers

Consider establishing Koori Liaison Officer roles that can operate across court jurisdictions, including Magistrates’ Court locations without Koori Courts.
Multi-systemic Therapy Pilot
Not yet commenced

Multi-systemic Therapy Pilot

Explore the development of a culturally-responsive Multi-systemic Therapy (MST) pilot initiative that addresses the multiple determinants of antisocial behaviour by Aboriginal young people
Opportunities to work and train on Country
Future consideration

Opportunities to work and train on Country

Consider Employment options for Aboriginal people exiting the criminal justice system, including opportunities to develop skills and undertake training on Country.
Partnership survey
Not yet commenced

Partnership survey

Introduce a regular partnership survey to gather views on the performance (strengths and weaknesses) of the AJA partnership.
Place-based community-led justice projects
Not yet commenced

Place-based community-led justice projects

Support Aboriginal communities to develop and implement projects that respond to local justice issues and needs.
Potential Aboriginal Justice Commissioner role
Not yet commenced

Potential Aboriginal Justice Commissioner role

Consider the possible creation of an independent Aboriginal Justice Commissioner, its role and scope in informing and overseeing justice outcomes for Aboriginal people.
Progressing Aboriginal community-controlled corrections
Future consideration

Progressing Aboriginal community-controlled corrections

Consider Opportunities to move towards an Aboriginal community-controlled Community Corrections, which could include a regional pilot for Aboriginal Case Managers to work out of Aboriginal Community Controlled Organisations (ACCOs) and building capacity of ACCOs to move towards administration of Community Correction Orders.
Respond to AJA3 Evaluation recommendations
Not yet commenced

Respond to AJA3 Evaluation recommendations

Respond to the recommendations of the AJA3 Place-Based Evaluation, particularly in the design and development of new place-based initiatives under this Agreement.
Restorative justice responses
Future consideration

Restorative justice responses

Consider restorative justice responses, such as healing circles and group conferencing across the criminal justice system.
Review and refresh AJA governance structures
In development

Review and refresh AJA governance structures

Review and refresh existing AJA governance structures to ensure they are strategic, effective, focus on problem solving, and amplify Aboriginal voices, particularly those of young people.
Sentencing Act 1991
Future consideration

Sentencing Act 1991

Consider amending the Sentencing Act 1991 to take into account Aboriginality and the use of pre-sentence reports.
Specialist Koori Family Violence Court Model
In development

Specialist Koori Family Violence Court Model

Develop and trial a Specialist Koori Family Violence Court Model drawing on best practice and current problem solving court principles.
State-wide coverage of ACFI and SALO Programs
Future consideration

State-wide coverage of ACFI and SALO Programs

Consider expansion of the Sheriff’s Aboriginal Liaison Officer and Aboriginal Community Fines Initiative programs to enable state-wide coverage.
Statewide Indigenous Arts in Prison and Community Program
Underway

Statewide Indigenous Arts in Prison and Community Program

Continue to support the Statewide Indigenous Arts in Prison and Community Program delivered by The Torch which supports cultural strengthening and economic development opportunities for Aboriginal people as emerging artists.
Strengthening grants processes
Not yet commenced

Strengthening grants processes

Review grants processes, including how to improve sustainability and support for community agencies to monitor, track and evaluate their own programs.
Strengths based media representations
Future consideration

Strengths based media representations

Consider promoting strengths based media representations of Victorian Aboriginal communities.
Success factors for program delivery
Future consideration

Success factors for program delivery

Consider research projects to identify success factors for program delivery to Aboriginal offenders and improve the evidence base.
Support the Aboriginal Justice Caucus
Not yet commenced

Support the Aboriginal Justice Caucus

Fund additional capacity to support the Aboriginal Justice Caucus to increase their participation and justice leadership role in government processes, policy and program design.
Support the Work and Development Permit Scheme
Not yet commenced

Support the Work and Development Permit Scheme

Work with ACCOs to build support for the Work and Development Permit (WDP) Scheme and increase the number of WDP accredited sponsors.
Support to meet mental health treatment conditions on orders
In development

Support to meet mental health treatment conditions on orders

Provide access to culturally safe mental health services for Aboriginal people who have a moderate mental health condition or disorder and who have a Community Corrections Order with a Mental Health Treatment and Rehabilitation Condition or are on parole with a mandated mental health order.
Supports for Aboriginal victims of crime
Not yet commenced

Supports for Aboriginal victims of crime

Enhance access to supports for Aboriginal victims of crime and improve links between local Aboriginal and mainstream services using the case management support model.
Therapeutic courts
Future consideration

Therapeutic courts

Consider a culturally appropriate model for a multi-jurisdictional therapeutic and specialised healing court for Aboriginal accused with multiple and complex needs.
Time to Work Employment Services
Not yet commenced

Time to Work Employment Services

Deliver the Time to Work Employment Service to Aboriginal people in prison to provide the support they need to prepare to find employment and reintegrate into the community upon their release from prison.
Vicarious trauma debriefing
Not yet commenced

Vicarious trauma debriefing

Introduce culturally-appropriate debriefing and vicarious trauma debriefing as part of the Court Services Victoria Koori Employment Strategy.
Victoria Police referrals
Not yet commenced

Victoria Police referrals

Improve referral pathways to Aboriginal service providers and additional support through Victoria Police E-referrals.
Youth Justice Taskforce
Underway

Youth Justice Taskforce

Establish a Youth Justice Taskforce to research and review cases of Aboriginal young people in the criminal justice system.